Putignano is an Italian town of 27.394 inhabitants of Murgia in the province of Bari, in Puglia. It stands on a hillside in the Murgia of trulli and caves, at an altitude of 375 m above sea level. The territory, which extends over an area of ​​99.11 square kilometers and has an altitude of between 293 and 456 m above sea level, it is constituted morphologically by a series of terraces composed of layers of limestone positioned on uneven levels. They are part of the history of the country religious architecture such as the Church of St. Pietro Apostolo, the Church of St. Philip, the Chapel of purgatory, the Monument of the Fallen, and of greater importance is the carnival, the most famous of southern Italy but also the oldest Europe with well 623 years.