Matera is an Italian town of 60,347 inhabitants, capital of the province of Basilicata and the second city by population, and the largest town in the Basilicata and the nineteenth in Italy. Note with such names as “Stone City” and “Underground City”, is known for historians Sassi, making Matera one of the cities still inhabited the oldest in the world. The Sassi were recognized 9 December 1993, UNESCO World Heritage Site, the first site in southern Italy to receive such recognition. They are part of the history of Matera also religious buildings like the Cathedral, the Church of San Giovanni Battista, the Church of St. Francis of Assisi, Civil architectures such as Annunziata Palazzo, Palazzo Lanfranchi and military architecture like The Tramontano Castle and Tower Metellana.